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Onfim I, Camacho RJ, Vandamme AM, Lemey P: Phylodynamics of the HIV-1 CRF02_AG clade in Cameroon. Infect Genet Evol 2012, 12:453?60. 20. Zhang M, Foley B, Schultz AK, Macke JP, Bulla I, Stanke M, Morgenstern B, Korber B, Leitner T: The role of recombination in the emergence of a complex and dynamic HIV epidemic. Retrovirology 2010, 7:25. 21. Carr JK, Salminen MO, Albert J, Sanders-Buell E, Gotte D
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Onfim I, Camacho RJ, Vandamme AM, Lemey P: Phylodynamics of the HIV-1 CRF02_AG clade in Cameroon. Infect Genet Evol 2012, 12:453?60. 20. Zhang M, Foley B, Schultz AK, Macke JP, Bulla I, Stanke M, Morgenstern B, Korber B, Leitner T: The role of recombination in the emergence of a complex and dynamic HIV epidemic. Retrovirology 2010, 7:25. 21. Carr JK, Salminen MO, Albert J, Sanders-Buell E, Gotte D
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Eshly isolated AMs from MS-/- mice, the cell lines exhibit decreased phagocytosis of unopsonized titanium dioxide (TiO2), fluorescent latex beads and bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) compared with the primary AMs from wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice. Conclusion: Our results indicated that three contiguous murine alveolar macrophage cell lines with MS-/- (ZK1, ZK2 and ZK6) were established successfully
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Tential impact of HIV-1 diversity on both vaccine development and the sustainability of antiretroviral therapies, it is particularly important that molecular epidemiological surveillance is continued in HIV diversity hotspots such as Cameroon. In this study we have focused on characterizing the diversity of gag and nef genes of Cameroonian HIV-1 isolates. These genes are?2013 Tongo et al.; license
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Cias Zembe1, Eitel Mpoudi-Ngole2, Carolyn Williamson1,4 and Wendy A Burgers1*AbstractBackground: Cameroon, in west central Africa, has an extraordinary degree of HIV diversity, presenting a major challenge for the development of an effective HIV vaccine. Given the continuing need to closely monitor the emergence of new HIV variants in the country, we analyzed HIV-1 genetic diversity in 59 plasma s
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Eshly isolated AMs from MS-/- mice, the cell lines exhibit decreased phagocytosis of unopsonized titanium dioxide (TiO2), fluorescent latex beads and bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) compared with the primary AMs from wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice. Conclusion: Our results indicated that three contiguous murine alveolar macrophage cell lines with MS-/- (ZK1, ZK2 and ZK6) were established successfully
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Reactive antibodies activate complement still further. The increase in alternative complement proteins, complement receptors and C protein all facilitate a positive feedback loop that can have dangerous consequences in a dengue infected patient.ConclusionThree immune components interact to produce a confluence of symptoms that define DHF/DSS. Dengue virus initially infects immature dendritic cells
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Cell lines from primary alveolar macrophages from MS-/- mice. Results: We used in vitro infection of the primary AMs with the J2 retrovirus carrying the v-raf and v-myc oncogenes. Following initial isolation in media supplemented with murine macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), we subcloned three AM cell lines, designated ZK-1, ZK-2 and ZK-6. These cell lines grow well in RPMI-1640-10 FB